среда, 29 апреля 2015 г.

The Chernobyl disaster was a terrorist attack. Article for special services

An article for lawyers and intelligence officers.

BY ANTON KOLMYKOV http://www.cneat.ru/chernobyl.html
TRANSLATED BY BEN VLADYKO
To reward: WESTERN UNION –VLADYKO VENIAMIN VALENTINOVICH –VYSHNY VOLOCHOK
PAYPAL – vladyko@mail.ru

   In the fall of 1986 the USSR military personnel in the ranks of colonels and candidates, doctors of technical sciences came to the unequivocal conclusion that Chernobyl disaster was a terrorist act, a sabotage. About this was openly reported in military technical Universities of the USSR and it was no secret for the military. For the unprepared reader it was difficult to cover everything and to draw a conclusion. In 1986, it was not known who was the perpetrator and why it was done. Today all is known, publicly available and links to scientific publications can be provided. Due to the fact that now there are many texts about the Chernobyl it is difficult for the unprepared reader to engulf everything and draw a conclusion,so this article does it for him.

   In accordance with the UN Commission's report, the Chernobyl disaster began on April 26, 1986 at 1:23:40, when the operator, during the experiment, pressed the button blocking automatic protection of the reactor from overloading. This man died in a hospital from radiation, not realizing what was his fault. No one still has explained to the population the objective picture of why the reactor exploded when the button was pressed, and what were the results of the investigation.

   Information for lawyers and intelligence officers all over the world. Information about the explosion at the Chernobyl Neuclear Power Plant (ChNPP) from the military technical experts. 


The explosion of the Chernobyl NPP

   In nature chemical element Uranium consists of two isotopes: 0.7% of the isotope of atomic weight 235, the rest is an isotope with an atomic weight of 238. Fuel is the only isotope of uranium-235. During capture (absorption) of a neutron by a nucleus of uranium-235 it becomes unstable and almost immediately splits into two, mostly unequal parts, with the release of large amounts of energy. In each act of fission, the released amount of energy is millions times more than the combustion of a molecule of oil or gas. In such a large reactor as Chernobyl, when working at full power, it burns down about four kilograms of uranium per 24 hours.

   Usually in power reactors they use not natural, but enriched Uranium by the isotope-235. Mostly, it’s uranium-238 and therefore a significant amount of neutrons is absorbed by it. The nucleus of uranium-238, after absorption of a neutron, becomes unstable and via dual decomposition is converted into chemical element plutonium-239, which is also able to split during absorption of thermal neutrons same as Uranium-235. Properties of Plutonium as a fuel are different from Uranium and at a sufficiently large accumulation, after prolonged operation of the reactor, they slightly change the physics of the reactor. The services of nuclear station periodically replace the depleted fuel elements which is recorded in the logs of the station.

   There was nothing outstanding in the test program of the reactor; it was just a normal test program to check the status of the turbine and its bearings. The program received fame only in connection with the accident that occurred when using it.

   There is no technical connection between the accident and the test program. Testing of the reactor on the one hand masks the diversion with the acts of the personnel, on the other hand the key stage is the last one: the reactor stopping at a given time.

   If prior to testing, automatic triggering of the protection system had happened by itself, the accident would have happened just the same.

   Having considered all the documents, the Commission's investigation found no variations from the normal parameters, not until the moment of pushing the emergency protection button (AZ). Centralized control systems, in particular, the program DREG did not register until 01 hour 23 minutes and 40 seconds before pressing the AZ, any changes in the parameters of operation of the reactor devices and there were no technical reasons for the activation of the emergency protection system in automatic mode without operator intervention.

   The State Board of Atomic Industry Supervision Gospromnadzor under the chairmanship of Brunsh Valery Ottovich collected and analyzed a large number of materials and, as written in the report, was unable to establish a reliable cause of tripping AZ in automatic mode. Thus, the reactor was stifled upon completion of work by the operator himself.

   At 01hr.23 min.40s was registered pushing the button of AZ reactor to stifle the reactor after stopping of work. This button is used both in emergencies and in normal conditions to stop the reactor. The rods of the control system and protection system (CPS) in the amount of 187 pieces went into the active zone and by all canons had to interrupt the chain reaction, but it never happened.

   At 1hr 23 min. 43 sec. was registered the appearance of alarm signals of excess capacity and reduction of the period of acceleration of the reactor (big speed increase power). These signals should trigger the core system and the AZ rods should go into the core, but they come from pressing the AZ. There are other emergency signs and signals: capacity growth, increased pressure in the cooling system, etc.

   At 1hr. 23 min.47s. there was an explosion which shook the whole building, and after 1-2 sec there was an even more powerful explosion. The rods AZ have stopped not having passed half way. In such everyday settings the RBMK-1000 reactor of the fourth unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant was blown up by the button of emergency protection (AZ) in seven seconds. The operators of the station in principle were unable to do anything.

  The RBMK reactor is geometrically large. Its separate parts can behave as independent reactors. If AZ is triggered, when a large number of rods simultaneously go into the zone, in the lower part of the zone a local critical mass can be created by the rods and a nuclear explosion may occur.

   When the rod of the protection system is still in an intermediate position, the water from the bottom of the channel is already squeezed out and activation of the fuel at the bottom begins. I.e. during the motion of the rods down at the initial stage of plugging of the reactor, on the contrary they begin to activate the reactor and only then they jam it. When a reactivity margin is large, the system of emergency protection (AZ) copes with its purpose. When it’s small, it fails. AZ can bring in positive reactivity and according to the estimations after the accident, in the amount of “up to one beta”. Only after 5 to 6 seconds the protection begins to fulfill its purpose and suppresses the reactor. The reactor exploded on the seventh second.

Reference: “the Value to one of the beta” - meaning the multiplication factor of neutrons is greater than one. About the physical principles of operation of a nuclear reactor, see page in the network [1].

On April 26, 1986, after clicking AZ button, protection went off at full volume and blew up the reactor.

  In 1975, at the first unit of Leningrad Nuclear Power Plant, during exiting for power after tripping AZ, an accident has occurred with rupture of the technological channel due to overheating of a small part of the active zone. To reduce the power in this part by immersing the rods here and retrieving them in other places was not possible.

  Thus, 10 years prior to the Chernobyl accident, scientific workers of the Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy and the Dollejalle Scientific Research Construction Institute of Electric Technology in Moscow knew about the effect that occurs during lowering of AZ rods and acceleration of the reactor at the initial stage of its stopping.

  Technical justification for upgrading was put down on paper and of course it became known to the interested persons in the USSR and the USA, who have had sufficient time to test and mathematically model the accident. They could mathematically calculate the formation of a local critical mass in the lower portion of the core and at a certain fuel composition predict its explosion.

  The acceleration of the reactor, which happened on the night of 26 April, was fundamentally impossible during normal content of the fuel. That is, if the fuel reactor corresponded to the regulations, then such acceleration of the reactor in any case would not have happened, and it wouldn't have exploded.

  In the active zone was deliberately introduced fuel of additional emergency composition – from nuclear submarines with a large production of plutonium 239. Information about this was openly published by a nuclear physicist Nikolay Kravchuk. Nikolay Kravchuk graduated from the Department of theory of the atomic nucleus physics faculty of M. V. Lomonosov Moscow state University and conclusions were reviewed by the Professor, doctor of technical Sciences I. A. Kravets and doctor of physics and mathematical Sciences V. A. Wyszynski.

  From April1 through April 23, 1986 "the stat of the active reactor zone has changed significantly. Such changes have occurred not accidentally, but were the result of well planned, implemented in advance actions", says Kravchuk: "On the fourth unit was contained the maximum amount of radioactive materials up to 1.500 Mki. By the time of testing, the reactor was in an extremely unstable state with power drops. In addition, in some cells of the reactor there was more highly enriched fuel from nuclear submarines (plutonium-239)". [3], [4].

Thus, lawyers need to fix the conclusion of technicians:

  A small portion of the active zone of the reactor has exploded as a result of immersion of the graphite rods to stop the reactor. Instead of reducing the activity area there has been a sharp increase in the activity at the initial stage of immersion rods with abnormal fuel in the reactor, which was the technical cause of the explosion of the nuclear reactor. The fact itself of downloading of non-standard active elements created the conditions for the explosion of the station, and the stopping of the reactor after the experiment became the trigger for the explosion. Emergency protection (AZ) has become an accelerating device.

Fig. 1. Chernobyl power plant after the explosion


Radioactive contamination of the terrain and contamination of the population

  “The explosion of a nuclear plant will kill hundreds and from radioactive contamination millions will die” and this thesis is understandable to all military and people with higher technical education. That’s why this stage of sabotage should be considered separately and it is the most visible.

  Konstantin Checherov who for 20 years explored the inner parts of the reactor - from 1986 to 2005, gave an interview where he said that he and other researchers were able to see almost all the rooms of the fourth unit of the Central hall and all the space under the reactor. He reports the following: “We managed to explore all the places of accumulation of fuel-containing melts, and it became clear that the melts ended up in pool-bubbler (capacity intended for reception of steam in the event of an accident). No steam explosion, which the state Commission so feared, has happened. In the reactor cavity and the room underneath also no trace of any explosion was detected. Visible destruction, i.e. the one that we had seen with our eyes indicate that the explosion happened right in the Central hall. There was only one blast, and it was nuclear,” the scientist said.

  The scientist reports that during the inspection of the mine it turned out that it was empty. “Moreover, we found no traces of burning in it, even the paint on the metalwork was intact”. Checherov claims that all the reports in the newspapers that the graphite in the reactor burned for nearly two weeks is absolute nonsense. “This is all from ignorance of the fact that the RBMK graphite does not burn. This legend was necessary to declare the existence of an active zone in the mine,” said he.

  “We, humanity as a whole, specific countries and most of the people caught in the area affected by the nuclear accident, managed to survive in a nuclear catastrophe. With difficulties, with losses, with enormous moral and psychological costs, but still we survived. You also need to realize that it was one of the largest reactors in the world, and, apparently, reactor accident worse than Chernobyl on the planet, in principle, can not be”, - said Konstantin Checherov [5].

  Nuclear explosion of the active part of the reactor core that occurred has spewed up to the stratosphere many dozens of tons of radioactive substances and this emission, regardless of the events at Chernobyl, had to be fixed by all other civil defense services and the military.

  The military-political situation in 1986 was that the USA were literally threatening the USSR with a nuclear attack. The forces and capacity of Civil defense were at the highest level of readiness, which was never before and not since.

   Military units of strategic missiles and medium-range missiles in Belarus and Ukraine conducted radiation monitoring in automatic mode and regardless of the presence or absence of information about the Chernobyl accident they had to respond on their own and they did respond. The military recorded the radiation levels and interpreted them as the beginning of a nuclear war with immediately bringing the units to a high degree of combat readiness and took measures to protect against weapons of mass destruction in places of their deployment in all areas of radioactive fallout.

   Each unit independently began to take measures for protection from weapons of mass destruction - all shifts of rocket pilots were simultaneously closed in the underground compartments with autonomous life-support whereas their wives and children remained on the surface with all the consequences for them and were in terror for their fathers and husbands - officers underground.

  The military know full well what contamination is all about and how important is the speed of taking measures to protect the population, because the maximum radiation levels happen in the first hours after a nuclear explosion and precipitation.

  The radiation level of the radioactive fallout is strongly dependent on the time elapsed since the explosion. This is due to the period of half decomposition and in the first hours and days radiation level falls quite heavily due to the decay of short-lived isotopes that comprise the bulk of the radioactive fallout. Further, the radiation level drops very slowly due to the particles with a long half-life. The rate of fall of levels of radiation is known to all graduates of secondary schools of the USSR from the course of basic military training and in modern items of measure is shown in figure 2. The decrease in the level of radiation occurs exponentially.

 Fig. 2. The decrease in the level of radiation occurs exponentially. 

As of 1986 in the USSR instructions were implemented for the population and the civil defense forces, the contents of which were well known up to the visual propaganda on the walls of every school and organization:

1. P. F. Vladimirov, etc. Each should know this and be able to do / 4-th ed., extra - M.: Soviet Russia, 1975. - 48 p.: ill. - (Civil defense of the USSR), URL: https://cloud.mail.ru/public/c76be9d4dd7b/GO_USSR-1975.djvu
2. V. I. Korolev. Everyone should know this and be able to do: Memo for the population / 6-th ed., extra - M.: Voenizdat, 1984, URL: https://cloud.mail.ru/public/af6b4a21848f/GO_USSR-1984.djvu

  Thus, the speed of action of forces and means of Civil defense is crucial to the survival of the population. That’s why the military immediately informed their headquarters about the levels of radiation in the places of their deployment and leaders in Moscow knew the situation about the levels of radioactive contamination from the first minutes of the radioactive fallout. Civil defense forces were actually hardly ever used and there was maximum damage to population, the intent is obvious.

  Journalist Igor Osipchuk talked with Colonel V. Mosiec, commander of military unit 74939 "Chernobyl-2" - station of radio intelligence and United States ballistic missiles tracking. Question: "Chernobyl-2 and Chernobyl nuclear station were built just nine kilometers from each other – is there any practical sense?

Answer:-”...From the Chernobyl nuclear we conducted a power line. The energy we received from the transmission line coming from the side of Kiev.

About the Chernobyl disaster I was informed a couple of hours after the explosion of the reactor. Immediately with the head of chemical protection major Shevchenko we rushed to city of Pripyat, measuring on our way radiation levels, and then at the request of the leadership of the city were involved in measurements in Pripyat and at the industrial base. At 11 o'clock in the morning I commanded to switch off our facility, as the ventilation system sucked in radiation together with the air, it would lead to the failure of computer technology. After that "Chernobyl-2" never worked.

... After the Chernobyl disaster, the civilian population of the town was evacuated on the same day as that of Pripyat... (Other units remained on contaminated territories and women with children were not promptly evacuated).

Question: -”How often did you pass the observation results to the command post? A: As for "Chernobyl-2", the information from here was constantly passed to Solnechnogorsk-25" Center of Soviet Army Divisions Specialists of Special Purpose training, because the object still was not officially on alert. It was planned to do at the end of 1986, but was prevented by the Chernobyl disaster. Object “Chernobyl-2", as part of a system of anti-missile and anti-space air defense forces, was created with the sole purpose to register a nuclear attack on the USSR in the first two or three minutes after launching of ballistic rockets." [6].

  If a military expert will plan a nuclear attack and radioactive contamination of the terrain, he would use the wind rose for the given region in a given period of time. For the European part of the USSR prevailing winds provide the picture of radioactive contamination, which the specialist will represent graphically. Thus, as a result of the terrorist act and radioactive contamination it was planned to kill the population in the territories that are shown in the figure below in red.

Fig. 3. Winds reigning over Europe from January to July. Red indicates projected area of radioactive contamination.

Black circle shows the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

   There was actually a surprise to those who planned the attack, a sabotage. After the explosion, the wind sent radioactive fallout to the North and the maximum levels of radiation from short-lived isotopes began to fall to the North, and further West, fell on Europe. The final picture of contamination is shown on the map below (see Fig. 4). 
Fig. 4. Radioactive contamination of the European part of the continent.

White color shows the zones for which there is no data.

The same thing, indicating the magnitude of contamination:

Fig. 5. The same as in Fig. 4, showing the distributions of pollution in Curie.

   The composition of radioactive contamination after the collapse of short-lived radioactive elements is shown in the table in figure 6.

 Fig 6 . The composition of radioactive contamination after the collapse of short-lived radioactive elements is shown in the table. 

  Actually affected was the entire Northern hemisphere of the planet and gradually radioactive contamination has spread to the entire planet. Doctors noted a sharp increase in cancers as a result of radioactive contamination [7].

Who is to blame for this terrorist attack, this sabotage?

  Traditionally, this issue is not included in the list of issues addressed by legal expertise and is a legal issue. In the practice of criminal investigation in Russia criminal forensic experts have the right to give investigative recommendations to the lawyers to develop versions for investigation and testing of suspects in a criminal case. So in this case the author of the article will do the same. Below are search recommendations for lawyers and intelligence officers of all countries affected by this terrorist attack.

  Around 1996 the author of the article asked Mikhail Gorbachev: ”Why were the forces and means of Civil defense not activated? Maximum of population was affected! You have devalued all the money of the USSR invested in the creation of a system of Civil defense for many decades.”

  Gorbachev gave the following answer: - “Well, we didn't know then what radiation was all about . We even have installed a listening device in the scientists’ dining room tables to understand from their conversations how dangerous it was.”
Gorbachev was an accomplice to the crime and there is no doubt about it.

   Thus, it is necessary to make a definitive conclusion that in the act of sabotage, in this terrorist attack causing maximum destruction to the population were involved:

- The KGB - V. K. Chebrikov (group Andropov - USA);
- The Politburo of the Soviet Union Communist Party Central Committee M. Gorbachev (USA-England);
- Civil defense of the USSR, A. T. Altunin was dismissed and died of a heart attack in 1989;
- Minister of Defense, Sergei L. Sokolov was strongly encouraged and died in 2012. Three orders of Lenin (30 June 1971, 28 April 1980, June 30, 1986);
- head of the KGB in Ukraine S.N.Mukha;
- the head of the Pripyat Department of the KGB of the USSR V. N. Klochko openly admitted that he was blocking the communication and concealed information from the public. Quote:-”In the clinic we were examined by a famous doctor from United States who said that we won’t last more than 10 years.[8];
- The radio and television of the USSR, A. N. Aksenov (layman);
- ITAR-TASS, S. A. Losev (professional, information was deliberately concealed);
- Chairman of the State Committee of the USSR Minister of the USSR for Hydrometeorology and environmental monitoring, Y.A.Izrael.

Y.A.Izrael personally participated in the research conducted at nuclear test sites (1954-1970.) after various accidents. He took a special part in 1986-1996 study of Chernobyl NPP accident consequences. The materials related to studies of radioactivity in the environment since the 50-ies of the 20th century are summarized by him in his monograph “Radioactive fallout from nuclear explosions and accidents” (1996) –he is a professional, information was intentionally concealed.

  Chernobyl was directly subordinated to the Ministry of Energy of the USSR. It was they who set the date of disconnection of the station, which was the date of the station explosion. It was headed by Anatoly Ivanovich Mayorets, who in 1986 became a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU. The event date: “... that the Energy Ministry that has sent an order to begin testing at 00: 00 on 25 April 1986” (p. 92. [3]).

  What was interesting in that date that drew attention in the USSR-Russia of all the specialists and the population? This Passover - Pesach! Figure 7 shows the calendar of Jewish holidays for April 1986 [9].



 Fig. 7. Shows the calendar of Jewish holidays for April 1986.  

  Today the whole world already knows that the U.S., England and Israel (Rothschild & Co) plans attacks and wars, tying them to the dates of Jewish holidays. It’s been noticed that not only terrorist attacks and military operations are planned on Jewish holidays, but also carrying out those terrorist attacks is planned so that the funerals from the attacks would fall on the feasts of the Jews.

  Criminologists are well aware that symbolism shows a sustainable criminal pattern, it also indicates schizophrenia, as well as crimes committed on religious grounds. In this case it is necessary to consider religious motives. Thus, it is necessary to conclude that an international Jewish organized criminal group (OCG) was involved. The population of Russia, ordinary people and experts believe that the Chernobyl catastrophy was a terrorist attack conducted by the US and Jews to destroy the USSR. The Jewish mass media don't deny it and strenuously promote it.

   Example: Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Olmert thanked the Soviet Jews for the collapse of the USSR and that they have made Israel more rich and prosperous. This rather cynical statement of the Israeli leader was announced at the solemn ceremony, devoted to the 40th anniversary of the beginning of the Soviet Jews ' struggle for the right to emigrate to Israel.

  Jews themselves often also support their authorship in the Chernobyl explosion and believe that their people have done it to destroy the USSR, because the USSR would not let them in go Israel.

  Such hiding of a Jewish organized criminal gang behind all the Jewish people is well known and such sweeping charges are called anti-Semitism.


   The speech of the Rabbi Eduard Hodos of Kharkov (Ukraine) is about the Chernobyl accident being the result of a terrorist attack involving Jewish sect Chabad [10].
 
     In the video, the Rabbi of Kharkov Eduard Hodos (Ukraine) explained to everyone that the Chernobyl accident was a terrorist attack, he supports the results of studies of the nuclear physicist N. In.Kravchuk and points at a radical Jewish sect from the USA, Chabad Lyubavich. This sect is well known in modern Russia, now the chief Rabbi of Russia since 2002 is Berl Lazar, Chabad Lyubavict member.
    Sect Chabad-Lubavitch is closely linked with the U.S. Department of State. Their well-known lobbyists are Joseph Isadore Lieberman, a U.S. Senator, and Albert Arnold Gore.

  These same people are known as instigators of wars and falsifiers of the terrorist attack of 9/11 September 2001 in the USA. USA officers point at the international Jewish organized criminal group (Jewish OCG), which in their opinion is guilty of all the wars and terrorist attacks [11].

Fig. 8 Search recommendations of US special service officers


  In this case, it is necessary to clarify that under the law of return to Israel, the people converted to another faith are not considered as Jews. This is due to the fact that Israel stands on the position that being Jewish means Jewish religion first of all, not nationality. Russian experts agree with this statement based on the known real history of the Jewish people in Russia [12].

  Experts in Russia additionally indicate that Judaism is more of a disguise and the Jewish criminal gang really professes Satanism [13].

  Commitment of the Jewish criminal gang to symbolism gives all targeting on the enemy and reveals their history and context (see figure 9).


Fig. 9. Symbols of international Satanic Jewish criminal gang.


   The list of representatives of international Jewish criminal gang (OCG) is known in Russia and is being prepared for lustration. The same thing should also be done in all other countries. The OCG should be prosecuted everywhere, the participants should be subject to arrest and trial, their property and funds should be confiscated on the account of the damages from their crimes [14].

   The international peer-reviewed journal of the U.S., where the reviewer is Professor at Stanford University, and now the U.S. Ambassador to Russia Michael McFaul, has published an article about the need to continue the Nuremberg trial on newly discovered evidence that the same applies to the activities of this gang [15].

  Returning to the goals of the terrorist attack in Chernobyl, it is necessary to consider the famous speech of the leader of the sect Chabad recognized by the sectarians as moshiachim, Schneerson. Shneerson is a known ideologue of Jewish extremism.

Fig. 10. Menachem Mendel Schneerson (18.04.1902 — 12.06.1994).

  In his speech, which dates back to 1994, Shneerson specifies goals for the Jews - the extermination of the Slavs, the Russians, the capture of Khazaria. Khazaria is a fictional Jewish story about the alleged pre-existing Jewish Khazaria, which needs to be revived and restored [16]. The performance of Schneerson in 1994 was before the war in Chechnya, which was also conducted with the goal of capturing Khazaria [17].

   Let’s carry out a comparative study of the territories which Shneerson indicates as Jewish, and the pre-planned areas for radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion. When comparing there is an observed coincidence that allows to make a conclusion about the deliberate explosion of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in order to kill the population on the territory of fictional Jews of Khazaria, see figure 11.

Fig. 11. Above is shown the same as on pic 3 -the expected radioactive contamination from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant explosion. 

  Below is shown fictional Jewish Khazaria, which is actively advertised by the Jews in the USA and claimed as “authentic Jewish territory” (Chabad)

  The population in these areas has previously been actively exterminated in the 20th century - the artificial famines (Holodomor in 1932-33) and deportations were here, see figure 12.

Fig. 12. Fictional Jewish Khazaria and the territory of the Holodomor victims of 1930-32 years.

  Additional information on the case: On TV channel “Russia” was shown a film by producer Sladkov with information that in the 1950-60-ies in the U.S. there were conducted studies on the effects of radiation on mammals. As a result of the research it was established that the mammals lost their reproductive function [18].

  Thus, the aim of the attack was not only the mass murder of the population directly after the attack, but also radioactive attack with the purpose of reproductive dysfunction of the population living on the territory, i.e. cleaning of the territory from people. These technologies are actively developed and funded by the Rockefeller Foundation, the Gates Foundation has been involved in the development of the reduction of population through vaccination. In connection with the submitted information, it is necessary to immediately prevent mass vaccination of the population of Russia, Ukraine and Belorussia in order to avoid other acts of sabotage and terror for the purpose of genocide. [19].

      The Gates Foundation and the government of England also act as the main investors of projects to develop genetically modified foods (GMOs) [20].

“Gates mentioned about it in a private conference in Long Beach, California, called the TED 2010 Conference in his speech on “Renewing to zero!” Along with his absurd from the point of view of science proposal to artificially reduce CO2 emissions worldwide to zero by 2050, approximately at fourth to a half minute of his speech, Gates said: “First we got population. In the world today there are 6.8 billion people. This number will increase to about 9 billion. Now, if we really do a great job on new vaccines, healthcare, reproductive health, we’ll reduce it, perhaps by 10 or 15 percent” [21].

  Additional legal grounds for attracting international Jewish OCG to criminal charge.

The speech of the author of this article at international environmental Congress ELPIT-2007, Togliatti, Russia, 2007:
“It must be fundamentally resolved, that every government in the world can demand the extradition of the military, who during the fighting posed a threat to the ecology as a result of intentional or unintentional actions. The reason for this may be the decisions and recommendations of the International Association of Penal Law - IAPL (Paris, 1979), which states that the strengthening of criminal liability for environmental crimes of citizens and legal persons must be considered a priority.
    When causing environmental harm, a legal entity (the leaders of the army, of the country?) can and should be liable to penal consequences caused by acts of harm committed by bodies and heads of the legal entity.
   The object of environmental crimes is broad in its content: the preservation of the conditions of existence of all life on Earth and on the territory of the attacked state, as a part of it.
     For this reason, in my opinion, it is enough to make every government in the world to see the threat to the lives of its citizens and demand extradition of military commanders, considering them as ordinary criminals, who they actually are when they are planning combat operations directly or near atomic, chemical and other dangerous objects. It is necessary to modify the legislation to make this possible. It is not excluded that it is possible already now. The threat of criminal liability for the military might serve the peace cause much better than any other evidence” [22].    


Example: Operation Opera (also known as operation Babylon") - a military operation conducted by the Israeli air force to destroy a nuclear reactor "Osirak" of French production on the territory of Iraq.

  The operation involved the following aircraft: F-16A: from squadron 117 - boards 107, 113, 118, 129; from 110 squadron - board 239, 240, 243 (pilot Ilan Ramon) and 249. Each aircraft of the strike group (8 F-16A) was equipped with two unguided bombs Mark 84. The operation was carried out on June 7, 1981. A new day for the Jews begins with the sunset of the previous day. The bombing held at sunset at 18:35 - the video of the attack posted online.


 Fig. 13. Jewish holidays calendar JUNE 1981. 

 Special services must act ruthlessly! This is not just a Jewish criminal group, but Jewish fascism –absolute evil. Their God is Satan!



Author of the article:

Kolmykov, Anton Nikolaevich

Deputy head Scientific studies Criminal expertise institute CNEAT
City of Samara, Russia.

at-63@mail.ru

www. cneat.ru –technical and criminalistic expertise for civil and criminal trial


Links:

1. Nuclear energy (an introduction of physics nuclear reactor), URL: http://www.reactors.narod.ru/rbmk/02_nucleng.htm
2. A. S. Dyatlov. Chernobyl. As it was. / M: Austenitized, 2003. - 191 p. - ISBN 5-93728-006-7, URL: http://lib.aldebaran.ru/author/dyatlov_anatolii/dyatlov_anatolii_chernobyl_kak_yeto_bylo/
3. N. In. Kravchuk. The mystery of the Chernobyl disaster. (The experience of independent research). - M.: AYRO-XXI, ISBN 978-5-91022-153-0, 2011. 104 p., URL: http://www.airo-xxi.ru/2009-12-27-19-12-47/doc_details/28--
4. V. Martynyuk. The tragedy of Chernobyl could be the result of a conspiracy, not sloppiness / Interviews N. In.Kravchuk in online edition KM.RU. Certificate of registration El № FS 77 - 41842. 5.06.2013, URL: http://www.km.ru/world/2013/06/05/chernobylskaya-katastrofa/712470-tragediya-chernobylya-mogla-byt-rezultatom-zagovor
5. M. Ganapolsky. The truth about Chernobyl 25 years later - we survived a nuclear blast! / URL: http://tsn.ua/analitika/pravda-o-chernobyle-cherez-25-let-my-perezhili-yadernyy-vzryv.html
6. C. Prokopchuk. Chernobyl-2 Radioactive money / Website on the Internet: “ChernobylZone”, 2012-07-22, URL: http://chernobylzone.wen.ru/Page/Chernobyl2Dollars.htm
7. A. P. Trunev. The Chernobyl disaster: the local map and to assess the impact of the South track on the health of the population / Website on the Internet http://chaosandcorrelation.org/thewar/No41/chernobyl.htm
8. I. Zolotukhin. The ex-head of the Pripyat Department of the KGB of the USSR: “As the major version considered sabotage”/ an online edition of the Ukrainian newspaper “Today” on April 26, 2011, URL: http://www.segodnya.ua/life/interview/ekc-nachalnik-pripjatckoho-otdelenija-khb-uccr-kak-ocnovnuju-verciju-raccmatrivali-diverciju.html
9. Auto-calendar of Jewish holidays, URL: http://www.istok.ru/time-n-dates/
10. The speech of the Rabbi of Kharkov (Ukraine) about the Chernobyl accident as a result of a terrorist attack involving sect Chabad, URL: http://youtu.be/zQ-RhYt0OVQ download the file: URL: https://cloud.mail.ru/public/e8864bfa97fd/Chernobyl.avi
11. A. N. Kolmykov. 9/11 - the U.S. under the rule of criminals. Examination of the attacks of September 11, 2001 / Site forensic institutions CNEAT, Samara, 2010, URL: http://www.cneat.ru/911-usa.html
12. The real history of the Jewish people, URL: http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/06/the-real-history-of-jewish-people.html
13. A. Kolmykov. In the U. S. govern Satanists. Liberals are Satanists!, URL: http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/04/in-us-govern-satanists.html
14. Necessary lustration in Russia http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/09/blog-post_26.html
15. A. Kolmykov. Revising Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal / International Journal of Russian Studies, Wilmington, DE 19803 U. S. A., ISSN: 2158-7051, ISSUE NO. 5 (2012/2), URL: http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2015/04/ww2-ww3-revising-nuremberg-war-crimes.html 
16. A. Kolmykov. Khazaria, the Khazars - Jews, this falsification of history / URL: http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/03/khazaria-khazars-jews-this.html
17. A. Kolmykov. Chechen War. Kill Dudayev, 1996 / URL: http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/04/war-in-chechnya-kill-dudayev-1996.html
18. A. Sladkov. Kuz'kina mother. Results. Blow up peacefully. Atomic romanticism / the TV Channel Russia-1, URL: http://russia.tv/brand/show/brand_id/23426
19. John Harlow. Billionaire club in bid to curb overpopulation / The Sunday Times, Los Angeles, May 24, 2009, URL: http://www.cneat.ru/billionaire.html
20. Bill Gates is funding creation of GMO / “New Messages”, 16.11.2012. URL: http://newvesti.info/bill-gejts-finansiruet-sozdanie-gmo/
21. F. William Engdahl (William Engdahl). Bill Gates is funding the development of genetically modified crops and speaks of “new” vaccines / the media group “All Russia”, 21.11.2012. URL: http://www.allrussia.ru/inworld/121121173944.html
22. E46 Ecology and life protection of industrial-transport complexes: proceedings of the II international ecological Congress (the IV International scientific-technical conference), 24-27 September 2009, Togliatti, Russia. - Togliatti state University, 2009. -Vol. 1-400C. URL: http://www.cneat.ru/ptrlm.htm
23. COU CIL OF THE EUROPEA U IO Brussels, 28 January 2014. 5816/14 (OR. en) PRESSE 40 Joint EU-Russia statement on combatting terrorism  https://cloud.mail.ru/public/d7835417f8e5/EC-Russia-terror.pdf

2014


 2015

Chernobyl is a terrorist attack! International Ecological Congress ELPIT 2015. Russia. Samara. September 17, 2015 http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2015/09/international-congress-chernobyl-is.html
Briefly: "... The Chernobyl accident is a terrorist attack. The damage should be calculated and recovered. The gang must be destroyed! Forward!"
https://youtu.be/xyLoAIIqsHU



Soros: - We funded Ukrainian nationalists in the USSR





вторник, 21 апреля 2015 г.

WW2-WW3. Revising Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal

A.Kolmykov. Revising Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal / International Journal of Russian Studies, Wilmington, DE 19803 U.S.A., ISSN: 2158-7051, ISSUE NO. 5 (2012/2), URL: http://www.cneat.ru/nurnberg.html



REVISING NUREMBERG WAR CRIMES TRIBUNAL

BY ANTON KOLMYKOV 
TRANSLATED BY BEN VLADYKO

The USA have captured Russia in 1917. [1] 

The USA have captured Germany in 1918-1919. January 15, 1920 general G. Allen, American forces commander in Germany, has entered the following notice in his diary: “According to the American point of view, Germany - strong, and at the same time in American financial bondage, must become the major armed force of the USA in Europe.” [2]

Later the USA have brought Hitler to power in Germany and Stalin in Russia. Hitler and Stalin were both puppets in the hands of the USA.

Hitler determined Jews by their ethnicity: he emphasized their features and began their liquidation. But those were Ashkenazim whom the Sephardic Jews did not consider as Jews. That’s why the subject of Holocaust requires most thorough research as something different is hiding behind it. Just think: 150 thousand Jewish soldiers and officers of Hitler army could repatriate to Israel according to the Israeli law of repatriation. [3]

Protestants in the USA. Jehowa’s Witnesses is a Judaic sect. The works of the sect founder Charles Taze Russel (16.02. 1852- 31.10 1916) indicate Judaism and Zionism, but not Christianity. 1878 became the year of decision making in the history of the Jewish people. Orthodox Jews achieved prominence. At that time Russel was consumed by a new doctrine. He has developed a doctrine supported by a number of Jewish leaders in America and Europe. This is what he taught: Jews do not need Jesus, there shouldn’t be any messiahs among Jews, it was wrong for the Jews to accept Jesus as their Lord and Redeemer. The land of Palestine belonged to the Jewish race (they are not a race but a family) and now God was calling them back to Palestine. Russel was the first Zionist.

Russel visited Jewish leaders around the world – he travelled in the United States and abroad. He appeared in many meetings with lectures. His topic was “to teach to preach the return of the Jews to Palestine” as well as “the future Jewish government and the State of Israel”. In 1910 Russel was greeted by thousands of Jews at New York City hippodrome. He promoted the idea to bravely take away the land of Palestine.

1914 was the year of World War I beginning and the World Zionist Federation initiated immense pressure upon the British  government to declare Palestine homeland of the Jews. Jehowa’s Witnesses think Jesus’ presence has begun invisibly.

According to their understanding of Biblical chronology, the time of invisible Christ’s presence upon His return began in  the fall of 1914 when the full-scale military actions of World War I have started. [4]

On the photo is seen the battlefield of World War I.


“Those living on Earth Jehowa’s witnesses will not participate in the annihilation of evil people in Armageddon, they’ll  just watch how it would be done by God; however, those resurrected ones for the heavenly life Jehowa’s witnesses from those “anointed” ones - or 144 000 - under the leadership of Jesus Christ will take immediate part in the annihilation of the evil ones as “spiritual persons.”[5]

In other words, way back in 1914 it was preplanned to annihilate all the people just leaving 144 000 on Earth? It is  obvious that the idea of the Russel & Co sect organizers has left its trace in their texts of Jehowa’s witnesses who consider themselves protestants but in reality they are a Judean sect.

Considering the logic of the public enemies, they have arranged an Armageddon for us and we have survived it in the 20th  century as two World Wars etc. That’s why the history of WW I and WW2 requires most thorough research. Historians still keep arguing but it seems sufficient to conclude the following:

The purpose of WW I was:
- Destruction of Europe;
- Conquest of Russia and Germany and their destruction;
- Creation of the state of Israel;
- Utmost killing of the Goyim (Gentiles).

The goals of WW2 were:
- Creation of the state of Israel;
- Destruction of Europe and Russia;
- Utter killing of the Goyim (Gentiles).

Stalin knew about external manipulation of Germany by America and he couldn’t comprehend why Germany should attack Russia?  Why “the boss” should kill his own “vassals”? but this is only from the point of view of common logic, whereas if we look from the point of view of extremists Judeans then the logic is obvious: the Goyim should be killed!

As of 1944 Germany still kept currant contracts about military and technical provision with USA (Rockefeller & Co). Rockefeller was providing Germany, among other things, with Zyclon B gas for gas chambers and of course American specialists have considered suggestions from “consumers” by improving, executing technical assignment, training on the spot, employing technologies. [7]

The USSR was run, most likely, directly from the American Embassy and Stalin was just a puppet. The key player was the NKVD  (People’s Commissariat of Internal Affairs), KGB (Committee of State Security). That was, most likely, the occupants’ structure, running the colony, and its leaders were CIA (State Department) staff members.

In connection with the above mentioned it becomes clear that the annihilation of USSR military cadres before the war and  complete neglect to take measures to protect USSR against Germany’s attack had its purposes:
- Maximal USSR population losses;
- Wide scale warfare on vast territories with maximal losses of civilians;
- Prevent curbing the war as a near border conflict;
- To secure maximal losses of both sides.

Was it possible not to observe such a plan?


Rudolf Hess (26.04. 1894 – 17.08. 1987)


Official information:
May 10, 1941 Rudolf Hess, being furer’s deputy of the Nazi Party, according to the official version,  secretly from the Nazi leadership, has flown to Scotland with the purpose to propose to the British government to conclude peace and together fight against the USSR.

Unofficial information:
Hess tried to tell the British that Germany was run by the USA. He didn’t suspect that the British government knew that and were the traitors to their own people. Rothschild &Co was in cahoots with Rockefeller & Co. WW2 has been planned together by Jewish and Anglo-Saxon groups.

Rudolf Hess was definitely a hero of the German people. He fought bravely at the frontlines of WWI: first he was a  battalion commander, then he was a pilot of “Richtgoffen” squadron headed by Goering. He was wounded twice, was awarded with 2 Iron Crosses. He was a lieutenant when the war was over. He knew first hand what war was about. He tried to prevent the war.

Hess didn’t participate in the war against the USSR, but in 1945-46 he stood the Nuremberg trial being the 2d after Goering  on the list of the war criminals. He was sentenced to life imprisonment (a Soviet judge insisted on corporal punishment, expressing his special opinion). Hess was imprisoned for life at Spandau prison in Berlin. After release of Speer he remained the only prisoner at Spandau. He never repented in anything. His last word at the Nuremberg trial was: “I don’t regret anything.” 30 years later in a letter to his son he wrote the same words.

Historian Alexandr Osokin: “By the end of  the 1989s when the USSR leadership was finally inclined to free the 93 year old prisoner from life term he was murdered – strangled at Spandau prison with imitation of suicide.”

At the time of his death August 17, 1987 there was nobody at Spandau prison representing USSR authorities. The prison was run in turn by USA, England, France, USSR. The official conclusion was written by British administration. One can assume they were the ones who killed him as his confessions would be dangerous for the ruling regime of England. After Hess’s death the prison was immediately demolished in such a haste that it was impossible to conduct a second inspection of the spot of crime. Rudolf Hess’s son engineer Wolf Rudiger has for 14 years carried on the investigation of his father’s death until he died of a heart attack. He described in detail the way he saw what had happened on that day at Spandau:
”My father was killed by 2 Mi-5 secret service agents who changed their uniform (even though usually it’s Mi-6 agents who liquidate  unwanted people abroad). The USSR KGB was not informed about the planned operation. It has been done so quickly that it didn’t even get its usual code name. The agents arrived at Spandau prison upon receiving the necessary instructions. They tried to strangle my father with a 4 feet cable, but he began to break away and cry for help – later about that gave his evidence an American sergeant Jordan.

Later followed “artificial breathing” resulting in broken ribs. In 1989 they have given me Hess’s complaint to the Spandau administration (the experts have confirmed he wrote it April 4, 1987) where he demanded to fire the security guard who told my father: “when you decide to commit suicide make sure you call me for help.” 

I also have an audio recording of a conversation of 2 officers made by the special service at prison:”The summer house in  the garden will be burnt down within 48 hours and even the main evidence – the electric wire – will turn into smoke. Nobody  will ever be able to prove the old Nazi didn’t hang himself.”
The house was indeed burnt down and the Spandau prison itself was demolished in a week –a shocking speed. When the body of my father was exhumed by the internationally known professor Spann in Munich it became evident that he was first strangled and later hung on a lamp wire: on his neck is the double trace from the noose. I passed the documents to Scotland Yard which opened “a case of murder”. Soon, however, by the general prosecutor Alan Green the case was stopped without explanation of the reason.”


On the photo of the Munich court medical expertise resolution can be clearly seen two bands – the lower band from the string from the first strangulation, and higher up another one from hanging up. (8-9)

The article’s author proposes to prolong the Nurember trial on the basis of newly discovered circumstances without revision of current boundaries.

It is necessary to consider the opinions about prevention of WW2 aftermath revision and the Nurember trial should considered as an opinion of criminals who are still socially dangerous and are a threat to humanity. Both such people and their opinions are a threat to humanity. Again they are planning to implement the same ideas as Pol Pot (Salot Sar) in Cambodia (Campuchia), but with transfer onto the whole world which is a conscious annihilation of population.

It’s necessary to remind that Pol Pot studied in Paris and most likely it was no accident that he headed a former French colony Cambodia, having killed later most hideously and sadistically 2-3 million people. In order to save food the extra people were simply killed on industrial scale. Similar ideas are openly proposed today by certain people in USA which demands a legal assessment.


Continuing the theme:

WW2, WW3. Khazars. The war in the Ukraine (2014-2015)
http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2016/02/ww2-ww3-khazars-war-in-ukraine-2014-2015.html

Chernobyl is a terrorist act. Article for special services http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2015/04/the-chernobyl-disaster-was-terrorist.html


REFERENCES

[1]Колмыков А.Н. Юридическая ответственность за фальсификацию истории. Революция в России 1917 года / Сибирская академия государственной службы. Сборник материалов I Всероссийской научно-практической Интернет-конференции, г.Новосибирск 2010. стр. 76-81, ISBN 978-5-94301-161-3, http://cprsob.ru/load/19-1-0-79 .

[2]H. Allen, Mein Rheinland. Tagebuh, Berlin, 1923, s. 51, “История Второй Мировой войны 1939-1945 гг.” в 12 томах, М. Воениздат, 1973, т. 1, с. 37.

[3]Bryan Mark Rigg. Hitler's Jewish Soldiers: The Untold Story of Nazi Racial Laws and Men of Jewish Descent in the German Military / University Press of Kansas, 2002. ISBN 978-0-7006-1358-8. http://www.kansaspress.ku.edu/righit.html

[4]John S. Torell. Dancing Around the Golden Calf - part 4 / European American Evangelistic Crusades. November - December 2006. http://www.eaec.org/newsletters/2006/NL2006Nov-Dec1.htm

[5]Журнал, "Сторожевая башня" от 1 мая 1999 года, с.6. ISSN 0043-1087.

[6]Речь Бенджамина Фридмана в отеле Willard, 1961 год: http://www.sweetliberty.org/issues/israel/freedman.htm

[7]Antony C. Sutton. Wall Street & the Rise of Hitler/G S G & Associates Pub, 1976, ISBN-10: 0945001533, 978-0945001539, http://www.american-buddha.com/cia.wallstreetriseofhitler.htm

[8]Зотов Г. Петля Рудольфа Гесса. Какие секреты унёс в могилу заместитель фюрера? Часть II / «Аргументы и факты» № 34 (1399) от 22 августа 2007 г. ISSN 0204-0476, http://gazeta.aif.ru/online/aif/1399/38_01

[9]Зотов Г. Петля Рудольфа Гесса. Кому нужна была смерть заместителя Гитлера? /Аргументы и факты № 33 (1398) от 15 августа 2007 г. ISSN 0204-0476,
http://gazeta.aif.ru/online/aif/1398/10_01


Court expertise specialist, deputy head of CNEAT institution, Kolmykov, Anton Nikolaevich
International conference of court expertise, 2013
http://www.cneat.ru/lenin-konf.html


US confirms everything. They plan to continue to kill!




WW2, WW3. Khazars. The war in the Ukraine (2014-2015) 
http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2016/02/ww2-ww3-khazars-war-in-ukraine-2014-2015.html

Khazars-Jews is a lie! Genetics

Article in Russian.
Keywords: Khazar-Jews, a lie, the Jews, the Khazars, the Khazars, Ukraine, Russia, the Caucasus, Chechnya, Ichkeria, Kadyrov, Donetsk, Dnipropetrovsk, Kolomoisky, Israel, Ashkenaz, genetics, expertise, real history, history.

Ашкеназы, хазары-евреи это ложь! 



  Вся история России в 20 веке это история битвы евреев за Хазарию. Евреи постоянно наносят вред русским и России, о чем не скрывая сообщают http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2014/06/2014-war-on-ukraine-jews-are-attacking.html




   Начался 21 век и вот евреи (фонд Рокфеллера и Израиль) предприняли попытку сделать научные обоснования еврейского вымысла о том, что евреи ашкеназы на самом деле это потомки хазар с территории нынешней России и Украины. 

    Для этих целей привлекли генетиков и вот один из граждан Израиля и США опубликовал работу в уважаемом научном центре, тем самым нанеся центру и генетической науке в целом непоправимый ущерб - приравнял генетику к лженауке!



  Eran Elhaik. “The missing link of Jewish European ancestry: contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian hypotheses”, Genome Biology and Evolution, December 14, 2012   http://ru.scribd.com/doc/123652605/Genome-Evolution-of-Jewish-Population-John-Hopkins

   В своей работе, этот молодой выходец из ЦАХАЛ, еврейский фашист доказывает, что евреи ашкеназы это хазары, которые жили на территориях нынешней России и Украины, дает карту миграции, переселений народа.


   Эта научная публикация широко разрекламирована еврейскими СМИ, но совершенно неизвестна критика на неё из той же самой Америки. Исправляем ситуацию и разъясняем: Евреи-хазары- ашкеназы это наглая ложь!

   Разбор статьи Eran Elhaik “The missing link of Jewish European ancestry: contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian hypotheses”, Genome Biology and Evolution, December 14, 2012". Анатолий Клёсов  http://aklyosov.home.comcast.net

Анатолий Клёсов:

   К сожалению, геномный анализ во многом пошел по печальному пути популяционной генетики человека. Схема такая: с помощью самых передовых методов генетического анализа фиксируется картина мутаций в геноме определенной популяции, и затем совершенно безграмотно и бестолково проводятся его интерпретации. Статья, названная в заголовке, тому показательный пример. Автор задался целью выявить «хазарский след» и геномную связь его с европейскими евреями, ашкенази. Для этого он исходил из двух совершенно бестолковых положений. Первое – что хазары предположительно жили на Кавказе, и поэтому у них должен быть кавказский геном. Второе – поскольку они были евреями и в итоге передвинулись в Европу, то этот кавказский геном передвинулся с ними в Европу. А поэтому, если геном кавказский выявляется в геноме ашкинази, то это – хазарский след, и это является доказательством исходного положения. 

  Более бестолкового положения просто нельзя придумать. Дело в том, что половина восточного и северо-восточного Кавказа имеют гаплогруппы J1 и J2, которые к евреям не имеют прямого отношения, кроме того, что это одни и те же древние рода, что и у евреев. Это – не еврейские ДНК- линии. Но род – один, и, естественно, в геноме он дает те же самые многие мутации, что и у евреев. Хазары здесь совершенно не при чем. Были они или не были – это не имеет ни малейшего отношения к тому, что геномы многих кавказцев и евреев схожи, и ведут начало своей схожести в до-еврейские времена. 

   Это схожесть автор рассматриваемой статьи, естественно, и нашел, и 90% его статьи длинно и нудно, со многими повторами повествует о геноме якобы хазар, в каком направлении якобы шли их якобы миграции, и что якобы открытия автора (подчеркивается, что впервые найдены доказательство наличия генома хазар) показывают, что евреи-ашкинази имеют не европейское происхождение (рейнская гипотеза), а именно хазарское (хазарская гипотеза), и что именно это в статье выявлено.

  Читать статью досадно и неловко, неспособность автора даже минимально анализировать альтернативные варианты просто угнетает. Неужели так трудно сообразить, что сходство геномов кавказцев и евреев может иметь другие причины, чем через хазар? Неужели так трудно взглянуть на гаплогруппы кавказцев, и сравнить их с гаплогруппами евреев? А ведь там все основные гаплогруппы ашкинази – J1, J2, G2, R1b, только у каждой своя история, отличная от истории евреев. 

  Вот, например, доля гаплогрупп J1 и J2 у восточных и северо-восточных кавказцев:
Авары J1 58%
Чеченцы (без Ингушетии и Дагестана) J2 58%, J1 23%
Чеченцы (Дагестан) J2 58%, J1 15%
Чеченцы (Ингушетия) J2 51%J1 21%
Даргинцы J1 69%
Ингуши J2 82% J1 7%
Кайтаки J1 85%
Кубачинцы J1 98%
Лезгины J1 44%
Сплошные J1 или J2, или и то и другое. А у западных кавказцев – 
сплошные G2, которых у ашкинази опять много.

   Вот это непонимание, что гаплогруппы Y-хромосомы дают важный вклад в геномный анализ, приводит к постоянным недоразумениям у генетиков. Это априори трудно было предсказать, но так получается. 

  Недавно у генетиков опять был конфуз по этой части, когда они объявили, что у европейцев есть заметный процент генома «американских индейцев». Причем и у западноевропейцев, и у восточноевропейцев. У русских, например, в геноме тоже заметный вклад «американских индейцев». И никто не сообразил, что это абсурд. Так и продолжали повторять, как попугаи, продолжают до сих пор. И никто не сообразил, что это – гаплогруппа Р, из которой вышли как гаплогруппа Q, основная у американских индейцев, так и гаплогруппы  R1a и R1b, основные у восточноевропейцев и западноевропейцев, соответственно. Поэтому картина мутаций в геноме пересекается у всех трех указанных популяций. 

  Иначе говоря, геномный анализ дает правильные картины, но  интерпретация попгенетиков никуда не годится. Типичная ментальность попгенетиков – видят это у современных америндов, видят это у европейцев – значит у европейцев это компонент американских индейцев. То, что это может быть и наоборот (что тоже было бы неверно), и это у америндов «европейская компонента», им в голову не приходит. А уж то, что это от общего предка – это для тех генетиков вообще уму непостижимо. Попгенетики мыслят только категориями современности, типа «что вижу, то и пою». 

  Вот так же и с кавказским и еврейским геномом. Подумать о том, что это от древнего общего предка, в попгенетическую голову не укладывается. Эту цитируемую статью стоит переписать заново, и о хазарах ни слова не упоминать. Была бы хорошая статья. 

  О том, как одинаковая гаплогруппа в значительной степени определяет картину генома; о том, что порой и геном не обязательно определять, гаплогруппа во многом рулит картиной генома. О том, что евреи и кавказцы - древние родственники, хотя это ясно и из ДНК-генеалогии. Хазары там просто под раздачу попали. Короче, статья в отношении хазар неверная, и о хазарах вопрос совершенно не решает. Но материал поучительный, как НЕ НАДО ставить эксперименты, если вопрос с самого начала неправильный. 

  Вот давайте под этим углом на материал и посмотрим. В статье были рассмотрены данные для 1287 человек из 8 еврейских и 74 нееврейских популяций, которые сравнивались по 531,315 аутосомным снипам. После ряда манипуляций были оставлены 221,558 снипов. Были также расмотрены мтДНК и Y-хромосомные данные из ранее публиковавшихся статей. При анализе центрально-европейские евреи, восточно-европейские евреи и ашкенази принимались эквивалентными. 

  Но поскольку «ашкенази» обычно в литературе принимается за выходцев из Германии (Ашкеназ это в переводе Германия), то авторы, демонстрируя объективность, от термина «ашкенази» отказались. И в самом деле – они настроились на хазарское происхождение европейских евреев, и поэтому термин «ашкенази» им не подходил в принципе. Соответственно, они отказались при рассмотрении и от термина «сефарды».

  Поскольку хазарских останков или выявленных потомков у авторов статьи не было, то вместо них использовались биологические материалы европейских и кавказских популяций. Кавказские грузины и армяне были постулированы при исследовании как прото-хазары.

  Естественно, как принято в популяционной генетике, измерялись «генетические расстояния между популяциями». В статье, как принято у попгенетиков, вообще не указывалось, у кого брались тесты – у мужчин, у женщин, или у тех и других. Видимо, считается, что это не важно. Но можно полагать, что анализировались геномы тех и других. Правда, мои (ААК) наблюдения показывают, что в этом случае картину определяют именно мужские снипы, поскольку женские настолько хаотичны и многоплановы (то есть предствляют самые широкие вариации), что на суммарную картину влияют совершенно диффузно, то есть не влияют вообще. 

  Как заглавные в статье рассматривались две гипотезы происхождения европейских евреев – рейнская гипотеза, и хазарская гипотеза. Согласно первой, европейские евреи вышли из малой популяции евреев в Германии, продвинулись на восток и размножились. В этом случае автор ожидает «высокое генетическое сходство между европейскими евреями». То, что евреи могли прибывать в Европу разными путями и из разных регионов (Иудея, Персия, Ассирия, Северная Африка) автору в голову тоже не приходит. Откуда тогда будет «высокое генетическое сходство»? 

  Согласно второй гипотезе, европейские евреи вышли из хазарского каганата (конфедерации славян, скифов, хуннов, булгар, иранцев, аланов и тюрков, обращенных в иудаизм в 8-м веке), прошли в Европу и размножились. Из этой хазарской смеси, по мнению автора, вышли хазары, грузины и армяне. Согласно автору, хазарская империя распалась, и после черной чумы в Европе хазары бежали на восток, осели в Польше, Венгрии, и постепенно разошлись по центральной и восточной Европе. Поэтому автор ожидает, что в отличие от первой, рейнской гипотезы, хазарская гипотеза должны привести к бОльшему генетическому разнообразию евреев, поскольку они будут происходить от кавказских, европейских, и ближневосточных предков, и разные группы европейских евреев будут отличаться друг от друга по своему происхождению и генетическому разнообразию. 

   То, что разные гаплогруппы евреи могли получить и не от хазар, автору в голову не пришло. Например, гаплогруппа R1a у евреев явно не от хазар, ей примерно 4 тысяч лет, и она, скорее всего, с Ближнего Востока, арийский след. Гаплогруппа R2 у евреев явно не от хазар, ей только 500 лет. Возможно, от цыган. 

  Для меня как читателя осталось все-таки непонятным, повторяю, почему это немецкие евреи (рейнская гипотеза) оказываются генетически гомогенными (или близкими), если они исходно пришли с Ближнего Востока, будучи рассеянными по Персии, Византии, Ассирии, Средиземноморью, а также пройдя через Европу, чтобы попасть в Германию. Ну да ладно, у автора масса таких условностей, приближений, допущений. Как мы дальше увидим, снявши голову, по волосам не плачут. Иначе говоря, нет смысла к автору придираться по этим мелочам, когда он задачу все равно решил принципиально неправильно. То есть не решил. 

Первой задачей исследования автор назначил показать, что рейнская и хазарская гипотезы в самом деле дадут различные предковые картины. 

  И вот здесь начинается акробатика автора. Для начала и для примера он решил выявить генетическую примесь (admixture) между палестинцами и шестью кавказскими и евразийскими популяциями (русские, турки, армяне, грузины, лезгины и адыги), беря как негативный контроль африканцев племени Сан. В общем, начинается уже совсем смешно, поскольку все эти шесть популяций имеют в значительной степени пересекающиеся мужские гаплогруппы. Женщины, как я пояснял выше, здесь не при чем, они дают просто «генетический фон». У всех этих шести популяций есть гаплогруппы R1a, R1b, G2a, J1, J2 и так далее, в разной, естественно, степени. Но это не важно, в какой степени, все равно все суммируется и усредняется. Популяционная генетика ведь. 

  Так и получилось – то, что назвали f3 статистикой, показало степень «примесности» (admixture) между палестинцами и русскими 0.0011, палестинцами и турками 0.0013, с армянами 0.0019, с грузинами 0.0019, с лезгинами 0.0015, с адыгами 0.0015. Это по автору означает «малую, но значительную примесность». Популяционная генетика. Да непримесности там просто быть не могло, гаплогруппы-то одни. То есть снипы тоже одни, и эти снипы тянут за собой другие, родственные снипы данных популяций. 

  Но акробатика автора продолжалась. Он показал на армян и грузин, с их примесью с палестинцами 0.0019, и пояснил, что поскольку как армяне, так и грузины разошлись с турками 600 поколений назад (дана ссылка, без какого-либо пояснения), то есть примерно 15-18 тысяч лет назад (???), то в этой примеси доли евреев быть не может, поскольку она была бы недавней. То есть эта примесность «территориальная», а не «семитская». 

  Как написал автор, «сходство между европейскими евреями и кавказцами не вызывается общими семитскими предками». Кто проникся этими «доводами»? Я – нет. На самом деле доля «примесности» определяется игрой гаплогрупп, среди которых J1 и J2 есть и у евреев, равно как и G2a, и R1a, и R1b, и так далее. У русских J1 и J2 мало, у кавказцев и палестинцев много, вот и выше «примесность». 

  Разделять здесь «территорию» и «семитскость» не имеет большого смысла. Все эти пируэты автора совершенно ничего не дают. Но в одном автор прав – сходство между европейскими евреями и кавказцами не вызывается общими семитскими предками. Но по совершенно другой причине - потому, что их у кавказцев нет (кроме горских евреев), а вот гаплогруппы J1 и J2 есть. И хазары там совершенно не при чем. Далее автор перешел к графику мультикомпонентного анализа», любимому инструменту популяционных генетиков. В нем все популяции перемешиваются, и график показывает, кто к кому льнет. Вот упрощенный (но не очень) характерный пример. Берутся четыре мужских популяции – поляки, русские, казахи и монголы, и строится график – кто к кому ближе. Для этого примера не так важно, что от чего откладывается, но если картина снипов представлена в том или другом виде, то нетрудно догадаться, что поляки и русские, имеющие в основном R1a, окажутся на графике по соседству, а на другом конце графика окажутся казахи и монголы. И попгенетик торжествующе скажет – вот, смотрите, настоящая наука. Кто бы мог подумать, что такой график будет? Так вот, подобный график построил и автор. На него были положены популяции Ближнего Востока, Кавказа, и европейские евреи. 

  Теперь мои (ААК) рассуждения, прежде чем покажем, что получилось у  автора. Поскольку гаплогруппы J1 и J2 есть во всех трех популяциях, и много, то окончательный расклад должен определиться балансом гаплогрупп, которых нет или мало в какой-то из трех популяций. 
Например, у европейских евреев есть много гаплогрупп G2a и R1b, их же много на Кавказе (и к хазарам они никак отношения не имеют, это древние гаплогруппы), а на Ближнем Востоке их мало. Значит, можно ожидать, что европейские евреи лягут ближе к кавказцам, а не к Ближнему Востоку, хотя финальный ответ даст сложная игра снипов. 

  Теперь как рассуждал автор: Если правильна рейнская гипотеза, то европейские евреи лягут ближе к Ближнему Востоку, а если правильна хазарская – то ближе к Кавказу. 
Мы уже, впрочем, видим, что хазары здесь опять не при чем. Потому что на Кавказе есть много J1, J2, G2a, R1b. И R1a тоже может какую-то роль сыграть, этой гаплогруппы на Кавказе немного, но она есть и у европейских евреев. 

  Так и получилось. Более 70% европейских евреев и почти все восточно-европейские евреи легли на графике ближе к кавказцам, и именно к грузинам, армянам, и азербайджанским евреям. Вот, восклицает автор, это – сильное доказательство хазарской гипотезы. Более того, восклицает автор, миграции кавказцев в Европу до времен хазарской империи неизвестны, значит, это хазары мигрировали, и принесли кавказские снипы вместе с евреями в Европу.
Это, конечно, смеху подобно. Евреи сами по себе принесли свои гаплогруппы J1, J2, R1a, G2a, R1b в Европу (и получили от других европейцев, как R1a они получили от древних ариев на Ближнем Востоке примерно 4000 лет назад), и эти же гаплогруппы испокон веков, а именно не менее 6 тысяч лет назад, были на Кавказе. Поэтому кавказцам никуда и ходить не надо, у них все это было с древнейших времен. И без хазар. Параллельно с евреями. Технически, это не исключает наличия евреев на Кавказе, в том числе и как хазар. Но это ничего не доказывает, как наивно считает автор.

  Методология его в принципе неверна. Опять и опять автор повторяет, что рейнская гипотеза не может объяснить геномное сходство евреев с кавказцами, а хазарская – может. 
Опять нам здесь приходится говорить, что к хазарам это не имеет никакого отношения. Эти гаплогруппы попали на Кавказ с Ближнего Востока задолго до евреев, как попали они к евреям тоже оттуда, потому и глубинное сходство. Но популяционные генетики в исторических терминах не мыслят. Они смотрят на то, что ЕСТЬ СЕЙЧАС. И оттуда уже фантазируют на предмет истории. 

  Впрочем – цитирую автора: «хотя европейские евреи образуют кластер с кавказскими популяциями, восточно- и центрально-европейские евреи делят большой кластер с западно-европейскими и ближневосточными популяциями». Ну естественно, они и должны делить «большой кластер», гаплогруппы опять те же самые. Нет там «или-или», все определяется, повторяю, игрой долей гаплотипов и снипов в популяциях, и мозаика этого может быть самой разной. Но поскольку автор вводит много степеней свободы в интерпретации, ими можно объяснить что угодно. Сходство снипов евреев с западной Европой объясняется уже вводом в игру «греко-романских евреев», там же «израильские прото-иудеи», и «месопотамские евреи». 
Все остальные акробатические этюды в статьи того же свойства – в основе их сходство гаплогрупп кавказцев и европейских евреев, называть их ашкенази или не называть. Автор применяет как меру сходства так называемый IBD (identity by descent), при котором сопоставляют сходство средних геномных участков по их «длине». Оказалось, что и в этом случае длина этого усредненного сходного участка между европейскими евреями и кавказцами 9.5 сМ, а между теми же евреями и палестинцами только 5.5 сМ. Опять, автор считает, что тому причиной хазары, в то время как это – сходство гаплогрупп между ашкенази и кавказцами. Опять хазары здесь не причем.

  И после этого – длинное обсуждение «результатов» с предполагаемыми маршрутами и направлениями передвижения хазар, что якобы вытекает из исследования. 
В заключение я хотел бы подчеркнуть два «момента». Во-первых, этот разбор статьи вовсе не означает, что хазар как таковых не было. Но так, как их искал автор статьи, искать нельзя. Во-вторых, я вовсе не утверждаю, что игрой гаплогрупп можно полностью заменить игру геномов. Но это то, что надо специально проверять и изучать, в какой степени заменить можно, и в каких случаях. Дело в том, что я уже не раз сталкиваюсь с тем, что гаплогруппы Y-хромосомы играют определенную и значительную роль в геномном анализе. Там есть какая-то тайна, почему столь маленькая хромосома со своей системой снипов как паравозик тащит за собой сотни тысяч снипов со всего генома. Ясно, что эта корреляция не случайна, за ней что-то кроется. Я опять напомню, как снипы гаплогруппы Р и ее потомков, гаплогруппы Q, R1a, R1b, потащили за собой несколько процентов якобы «америндского компонента» (гаплогруппа Р . Q), обнаруживаемого в западной Европе (гаплогруппа P.R.R1.R1b) и в Восточной Европе (P.R.R1.R1a). И это те же генетики в своей бесконечной мудрости назвали «долей генома американских индейцев в ирландцах и русских». А это, напротив, европеоидные снипы в американских индейцах. 

Вот такая популяционная генетика. 

Литература:

Elhaik, E. (2012) The missing link of Jewish European ancestry: contrasting the Rhineland and the Khazarian hypotheses. Genome Biology and Evolution, December 14, 2012, doi:10.1093/gbe/evs119  http://ru.scribd.com/doc/123652605/Genome-Evolution-of-Jewish-Population-John-Hopkins

Ultima ratioВестник Академии ДНК-генеалогииProceedings of the Academy of DNA Genealogy Boston-Moscow-TsukubaVolume 6, No. 3March 2013 http://aklyosov.home.comcast.net/~aklyosov/6_3_2013.pdf

The battle for the land of the Khazars. Crimea. History of 20th century http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2014/03/the-battle-for-land-of-khazars-crimea.html

Crimean Tatars. Jews are attacking! http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2014/05/crimean-tatars-jews-are-attacking.html

2014. The war in Ukraine. Jews are attacking! http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2014/06/2014-war-on-ukraine-jews-are-attacking.html

Khazaria, Khazars - Jews, this falsification of history  http://russ-history.blogspot.ru/2013/03/khazaria-khazars-jews-this.html

Zitat Voltaire Net: "Das geheime Projekt eines "zweiten Israels“ in der Ukraine"...und was ist daran "geheim" wenn es im Internet zu lesen ist? http://karlmartell732.blogspot.co.at/2015/01/zitat-voltaire-net-das-geheime-projekt.html

Древняя история евреев. Публикации 1880-1907г. Германия. Грец. https://cloud.mail.ru/public/Fy1ZiyuF2CPc/Grec_H_Istoriya_evreev.7z